Aging infrastructure for marine ports, inland waterways, and airports threatens more than a million U.S. jobs according to a new Failure to Act report from the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). Between now and 2020, investment needs in the nation’s marine ports and inland waterways sector total US$30 billion, while planned expenditures are about $14 billion, leaving a total investment gap of nearly $16 billion. Similarly, with airports, between now and 2020 there is an investment need of about $114 billion, while anticipated spending is $95 billion, leaving a gap of nearly $19 billion, as well as an additional need of about $20 billion to implement NextGen (new U.S. air traffic control system). The report concludes that unless America’s infrastructure investment gaps are filled, transporting goods will become costlier, prices will rise, and the United States will become less competitive in the global market. As a result, employment, personal income, and GDP will all fall due to inaction.
“Congestion and delays lead to goods waiting on docks and in warehouses for shipment, which in turn leads to higher transportation costs and higher-priced products on store shelves,” said Andrew W. Herrmann, President of ASCE. “If we don’t close the investment gaps, everyone is going to feel the negative impacts because we are on course to lose more than one million jobs and more than $1 trillion in personal income by 2020.”
The U.S.’s marine ports and inland waterways are critical links that make international commerce possible. However, with the scheduled expansion of the Panama Canal by 2015, the average size of container ships is likely to increase significantly, affecting the operations ant most of the major U.S. ports that handle containerized cargo and requiring both sectors to modernize. Needed investment in marine ports includes harbour and channel dredging, while inland waterways require new or rehabilitated lock and dam facilities.
“Strong ports mean more jobs and economic growth,” said Congressman Ted Poe, co-founder and co-chair of the bipartisan Congressional PORTS Caucus. “Supporting port infrastructure helps the U.S. remain globally competitive and creates economic opportunity here at home. The ASCE report highlights the shortcomings of our nation’s investments and seeks to help policy-makers understand where improvements are needed and where they make financial sense.
The United States has 300 commercial ports, 12,000 miles of inland and intra-coastal waterways and about 240 lock chambers, which carry more than 70 per cent of U.S. imports by tonnage and just over half of the country’s imports by value. To remain competitive on a global scale, U.S. marine ports and inland waterways will require investment in the coming decades beyond the $14.4 billion currently expected. ASCE reports that with an additional investment of $15.8 billion between now and 2020, the U.S. can eliminate this drag on economic growth and protect $270 billion in annual exports, $697 billion in annual GDP, 738,000 jobs, and $872 billion in personal income.
“I have made it my priority in Congress to raise the profile of ports and the role they play in our national economy” remarked Congresswoman Janice Hahn, co-founder and co-chair of the bipartisan Congressional PORTS Caucus. “The study that ASCE has just released shows the urgency of investing in this critical component of our infrastructure and what the cost will be to every American family if we fail to recognize the importance of our nation’s ports.”
Costs attributable to delays in the nation’s inland waterways system were $33 billion in 2010. These costs in particular reverberate throughout the economy given the heavy reliance of energy inputs like petroleum and coal on inland waterway transportation. These costs are expected to increase to nearly $49 billion by 2020.
The full Failure to Act report, including infographics depicting data trends, can be found at www.asce.org/failuretoact.